Cell

2017 – Abstract Conference Immunotherapy Radiotherapy Combinations NYC

Hafnium oxide, an electron-dense material, was designed at the nanoscale to increase the radiation dose deposited from within the cancer cells: “Hot spot” of energy deposit where the nanoparticles are when exposed to radiation therapy (RT). Preclinical studies have demonstrated increase of cancer cells killing in vitro and marked antitumor efficacy in vivo with presence of these nanoparticles […]

Continue Reading...

2015 – Clinical Sciences and Drug Discovery Abstract – Use of metals as nano-sized radiation enhancers – Pottier et al.

Since the discovery of cisplatin about 40 years ago, the design of innovative metal-based anticancer drugs is a growing area of research. Metal elements offer specific characteristics due to their intrinsic properties and could be used in relation to their final state: a metal complex, a radionuclide, a metal-based nanoparticle product. Transition metal coordination complexes interact with cell molecular targets, affecting biochemical functions resulting in cancer cell destruction. Radionuclides are another way to use metals as anticancer therapy. The metal nucleus of the unstable radionuclide becomes stable by emitting energy. The biological effect in different tissues is obtained by the absorption of this energy from the radiation emitted by the radionuclide, the principal target generally agreed for ionizing radiations being DNA. A new area of clinical research is now emerging using the same experimental metal elements, but in a radically different manner: metals and metal oxides used as crystalline nanosized radiation enhancers particles. The use of metals as a high electron density material tailored at the nanoscale when exposed to radiotherapy is a unique approach that can allow entry to the cell and make feasible the absorption/deposition of a high-energy dose within the tumor cell (on/off activity). Therefore, high electron density metal or metal oxide nanoparticles may bring well known physical mode of action, that of radiotherapy, within malignant cells and achieve the paradigm of local cancer treatment.

Continue Reading...

2010 – GDR Photomed Abstract – Silica Nanoparticles for Photodynamic Therapy – Thienot et al.

Photodynamic therapy in the elderly and heavily pretreated cancer patient populations may represent a promising therapeutical option in the management of malignant diseases provided that different approaches bring real improvement for its clinical application. Silica-based nanocarrier encapsulating photosensitizers, the protoporphyrin IX (Pp IX), have been designed to improve the tumor bioavailability, to reduce photosensitizer accumulation in the skin and to differentially deliver the nanocarriers to cell organelles.

Continue Reading...

2017 – Immunotherapy Workshop

Radiotherapy (RT) has proven its ability to function like an in-situ vaccine, showing potential for successful combination with immunotherapeutic agents. Hafnium oxide nanoparticle (HfO2-NP), undergoing clinical trials for enhancing RT, was designed as high electron density material at the nanoscale. HfO2-NPs are taken up by cancer cells and, when exposed to RT, locally increase the radiation dose deposit, triggering more cancer cells death when compared to RT. We hypothesized that HfO2-NP+RT could trigger an enhanced immune response when compared to RT, both in preclinical and clinical settings.

Continue Reading...

2017 – AACR Abstract – NBTXR3 combination with cisplatin in vivo and in vitro

Combination of NBTXR3 and cisplatin has been evaluated in vitro and in vivo. No specific toxicity was observed for the cells exposed only to NBTXR3. For the combined treatment, a marked and enhanced cell destruction when compared to the single agent. In vivo, NBTXR3 combined with low dose of cisplatin delayed tumor growth when compared to single agent CDDP in combination with RT. NBTXR3 is intended to be injected in the tumors. Spilling in the circulation may occur during product administration or, as expected, during tumor destruction, leading to steady trapping of NPs in the reticulo-endothelial system (liver and spleen). Clinically, it is unknown whether patients, previously treated with NPs, may show toxic signs when NPs are exposed (activation) to diagnosis imaging (computed tomography(CT)) of the liver.

Continue Reading...

2016 – SITC Abstract – NBTXR3 for in situ cancer vaccination

NBTXR3 exposed to irradiation enhanced cancer cells destruction and immunogenic cell death compared to irradiation alone, suggesting a strong potential for transforming tumor into an effective in situ vaccine. This may contribute to transform “cold” tumor into “hot” tumor and effectively be combined with most of the immunotherapeutic agents across oncology. NBTXR3 is intended to be injected in the tumors. Spilling in the circulation may occur during product administration or, as expected, during tumor destruction, leading to steady trapping of NPs in the reticulo-endothelial system (liver and spleen). Clinically, it is unknown whether patients, previously treated with NPs, may show toxic signs when NPs are exposed (activation) to diagnosis imaging (computed tomography(CT)) of the liver.

Continue Reading...

2011 – ECCO Abstract – NBTXR3 as promising cancer therapy – Magiorella et al.

We created and developed NBTXR3 nanoparticles with a crystalline hafnium oxide core which provide high electron density structure and inert behavior in biological media. NBTXR3 nanoparticles’ characteristics, size, charge and shape, allow for efficient interaction with biological entities, cell membrane binding and cellular uptake. The nanoparticles were shown to form clusters at the subcellular level in tumor models. Of most importance, we show NBTXR3 intratumor bioavailability with dispersion of nanoparticles in the three dimensions and persistence within the tumor structure, supporting the use of NBTXR3 as effective antitumor therapeutic agent.

Continue Reading...

2017 – Specific adaptive immune pattern induced by NBTXR3 exposed to radiation therapy in soft tissue sarcoma (STS) patients

NBTXR3 are functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles, undergoing seven clinical trials for enhancing radiation therapy (RT). The high electron density of the nanoparticles, when exposed to radiotherapy (NBTXR3 + RT), allow absorption/deposition of a high radiation dose within the cancer cells to physically kill the cells, and possibly improve outcome. Besides, NBTXR3 + RT has shown subsequent ability to enhance immunogenic cell death and immune response in preclinics. We hypothesized that NBTXR3 + RT could trigger an enhanced immune response when compared to RT in patients with STS.

Continue Reading...

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies.En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. More information.En savoir plus.

The cookie settings on this website are set to “allow cookies” to give you the possibility to switch between languages in a way that this will not interfere with page navigation. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click “Accept” below then you are consenting to this.Par défaut, les paramètres de ce site autorisent les cookies pour vous permettre notamment de naviguer entre les différentes langues disponibles. Nous utilisons des cookies pour vous proposer un site internet facile d'utilisation, sécurisé et fonctionnel. Si vous les autorisez également, cliquez sur « Accepter » ou poursuivez simplement votre navigation.

CloseFermer