Radiotherapy

2017 – Abstract SITC Conference Maryland – Clinical

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a large and heterogeneous group of malignant mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by a strong tendency toward local recurrence and metastatic spreading. Consistently, the immune microenvironment in sarcomas is highly variable. A new class of material with high electron density, hafnium oxide, was designed at the nanoscale to efficiently absorb ionizing radiation […]

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2017 – A phase 1 trial of NBTXR3 nanoparticles activated by IMRT in the treatment of advanced-stage head and neck carcinoma

Functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3) have been developed as selective radioenhancers, which may represent a breakthrough approach for the local treatment of solid tumors. The high electron density of the nanoparticles, when exposed to radiotherapy (RT), allow the absorption/deposition of a high radiation dose within the tumor cells, to physically kill the cells and possibly improve outcome.

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2017 – Specific adaptive immune pattern induced by NBTXR3 exposed to radiation therapy in soft tissue sarcoma (STS) patients

NBTXR3 are functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles, undergoing seven clinical trials for enhancing radiation therapy (RT). The high electron density of the nanoparticles, when exposed to radiotherapy (NBTXR3 + RT), allow absorption/deposition of a high radiation dose within the cancer cells to physically kill the cells, and possibly improve outcome. Besides, NBTXR3 + RT has shown subsequent ability to enhance immunogenic cell death and immune response in preclinics. We hypothesized that NBTXR3 + RT could trigger an enhanced immune response when compared to RT in patients with STS.

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2015 – The future of nanosized radiation enhancers – Pottier et al.

Radiotherapy has a universal and predictable mode of action, that is, a physical mode of action consisting of the deposit of a dose of energy in tissues. Tumour cell damage is proportional to the energy dose. However, the main limitation of radiotherapy is the lack of spatial control of the deposition of energy, that is, it penetrates the healthy tissues, damages them and renders unfeasible delivery of an efficient energy dose when tumours are close to important anatomical structures. True nanosized radiation enhancers may represent a disruptive approach to broaden the therapeutic window of radiation therapy.

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2010 – Concept of NBTXR3 – Borghi et al.

La nanotechnologie permet une gestion et un assemblage de matériaux sans précédent dans l’histoire des produits utilisés en santé humaine. Cette révolution est apportée par la possibilité d’utiliser de nouveaux mécanismes thérapeutiques et de dissocier les différentes fonctions de la substance médicamenteuse (distribution, effet thérapeutique…), ce qui était jusqu’ici impossible avec les médicaments classiques.

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2016 – Phase I data NBTXR3 Soft Tissue Sarcoma – Bonvalot et al.

This phase I study aimed to determine the recommended dose (RD), safety profile, and feasibility of a procedure combining intratumoral injection of hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3; a radioenhancer) and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for preoperative treatment of adults with locally advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Patients had a preoperative indication of EBRT for STS of the extremity or trunk. Baseline tumor volume (TV) was calculated by MRI. NBTXR3 was injected percutaneously into tumors at 53.3 g/L. Dose escalation was based on four levels equivalent to 2.5%, 5%, 10%, and 20% of baseline TV. NBTXR3 was visualized in the tumor 24 hours postinjection, and EBRT was initiated (50 Gy over 5 weeks).

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