Tissue

2017 – Abstract Conference Immunotherapy Radiotherapy Combinations NYC

Hafnium oxide, an electron-dense material, was designed at the nanoscale to increase the radiation dose deposited from within the cancer cells: “Hot spot” of energy deposit where the nanoparticles are when exposed to radiation therapy (RT). Preclinical studies have demonstrated increase of cancer cells killing in vitro and marked antitumor efficacy in vivo with presence of these nanoparticles […]

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2015 – Clinical Sciences and Drug Discovery Abstract – Use of metals as nano-sized radiation enhancers – Pottier et al.

Since the discovery of cisplatin about 40 years ago, the design of innovative metal-based anticancer drugs is a growing area of research. Metal elements offer specific characteristics due to their intrinsic properties and could be used in relation to their final state: a metal complex, a radionuclide, a metal-based nanoparticle product. Transition metal coordination complexes interact with cell molecular targets, affecting biochemical functions resulting in cancer cell destruction. Radionuclides are another way to use metals as anticancer therapy. The metal nucleus of the unstable radionuclide becomes stable by emitting energy. The biological effect in different tissues is obtained by the absorption of this energy from the radiation emitted by the radionuclide, the principal target generally agreed for ionizing radiations being DNA. A new area of clinical research is now emerging using the same experimental metal elements, but in a radically different manner: metals and metal oxides used as crystalline nanosized radiation enhancers particles. The use of metals as a high electron density material tailored at the nanoscale when exposed to radiotherapy is a unique approach that can allow entry to the cell and make feasible the absorption/deposition of a high-energy dose within the tumor cell (on/off activity). Therefore, high electron density metal or metal oxide nanoparticles may bring well known physical mode of action, that of radiotherapy, within malignant cells and achieve the paradigm of local cancer treatment.

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2017 – Abstract SITC Conference Maryland – Non Clinical

Hafnium oxide, an electron-dense material, was designed at the nanoscale to increase the radiation dose deposited from within the cancer cells: “Hot spot” of energy deposit where the nanoparticles are when exposed to radiation therapy (RT). Preclinical studies have demonstrated increase of cancer cells killing in vitro and marked antitumor efficacy in vivo with presence of these nanoparticles […]

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2017 – Abstract SITC Conference Maryland – Clinical

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a large and heterogeneous group of malignant mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by a strong tendency toward local recurrence and metastatic spreading. Consistently, the immune microenvironment in sarcomas is highly variable. A new class of material with high electron density, hafnium oxide, was designed at the nanoscale to efficiently absorb ionizing radiation […]

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2017 – A phase 1 trial of NBTXR3 nanoparticles activated by IMRT in the treatment of advanced-stage head and neck carcinoma

Functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3) have been developed as selective radioenhancers, which may represent a breakthrough approach for the local treatment of solid tumors. The high electron density of the nanoparticles, when exposed to radiotherapy (RT), allow the absorption/deposition of a high radiation dose within the tumor cells, to physically kill the cells and possibly improve outcome.

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2014 – ASCO Abstract – Preliminary Data NBTXR3 Soft Tissue Sarcoma – Bonvalot et al.

Functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3) have been developed as selective radioenhancers, which may represent a breakthrough approach for the local treatment of solid tumors. This is a unique approach where crystalline nanomaterials with high electron density when exposed to radiotherapy, can allow penetrate into the cell and make feasible the absorption/deposition of a high energy dose within the tumor cell. A phase I/II trial was implemented in patients with locally advanced STS.

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2015 – The future of nanosized radiation enhancers – Pottier et al.

Radiotherapy has a universal and predictable mode of action, that is, a physical mode of action consisting of the deposit of a dose of energy in tissues. Tumour cell damage is proportional to the energy dose. However, the main limitation of radiotherapy is the lack of spatial control of the deposition of energy, that is, it penetrates the healthy tissues, damages them and renders unfeasible delivery of an efficient energy dose when tumours are close to important anatomical structures. True nanosized radiation enhancers may represent a disruptive approach to broaden the therapeutic window of radiation therapy.

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