In Vitro in Vivo NBTXR3

Abstracts in this section cover In Vitro and In Vivo data of NBTXR3. In Vitro means that NBTXR3 was studied in cells outside their normal biological context. In Vivo refers to tests of NBTXR3 in animals.

2017 – Abstract SITC Conference Maryland – Non Clinical

Hafnium oxide, an electron-dense material, was designed at the nanoscale to increase the radiation dose deposited from within the cancer cells: “Hot spot” of energy deposit where the nanoparticles are when exposed to radiation therapy (RT). Preclinical studies have demonstrated increase of cancer cells killing in vitro and marked antitumor efficacy in vivo with presence of these nanoparticles […]

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2017 – Immunotherapy Workshop

Radiotherapy (RT) has proven its ability to function like an in-situ vaccine, showing potential for successful combination with immunotherapeutic agents. Hafnium oxide nanoparticle (HfO2-NP), undergoing clinical trials for enhancing RT, was designed as high electron density material at the nanoscale. HfO2-NPs are taken up by cancer cells and, when exposed to RT, locally increase the radiation dose deposit, triggering more cancer cells death when compared to RT. We hypothesized that HfO2-NP+RT could trigger an enhanced immune response when compared to RT, both in preclinical and clinical settings.

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2017 – AACR Abstract – NBTXR3 combination with cisplatin in vivo and in vitro

Combination of NBTXR3 and cisplatin has been evaluated in vitro and in vivo. No specific toxicity was observed for the cells exposed only to NBTXR3. For the combined treatment, a marked and enhanced cell destruction when compared to the single agent. In vivo, NBTXR3 combined with low dose of cisplatin delayed tumor growth when compared to single agent CDDP in combination with RT. NBTXR3 is intended to be injected in the tumors. Spilling in the circulation may occur during product administration or, as expected, during tumor destruction, leading to steady trapping of NPs in the reticulo-endothelial system (liver and spleen). Clinically, it is unknown whether patients, previously treated with NPs, may show toxic signs when NPs are exposed (activation) to diagnosis imaging (computed tomography(CT)) of the liver.

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2017 – AACR Abstract – NBTXR3 anti-tumor efficacy in vivo

NBTXR3 has been evaluated in numerous in vivo models. The antitumor efficacy was systematically enhanced in terms of tumor growth delay for animals treated with NBTXR3 and exposed to radiotherapy when compared to radiotherapy alone. In this abstract the transferability of the treatment with NBTXR3 from one type of cancer to the other is described. NBTXR3 is intended to be injected in the tumors. Spilling in the circulation may occur during product administration or, as expected, during tumor destruction, leading to steady trapping of NPs in the reticulo-endothelial system (liver and spleen). Clinically, it is unknown whether patients, previously treated with NPs, may show toxic signs when NPs are exposed (activation) to diagnosis imaging (computed tomography(CT)) of the liver.

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2016 – SITC Abstract – NBTXR3 for in situ cancer vaccination

NBTXR3 exposed to irradiation enhanced cancer cells destruction and immunogenic cell death compared to irradiation alone, suggesting a strong potential for transforming tumor into an effective in situ vaccine. This may contribute to transform “cold” tumor into “hot” tumor and effectively be combined with most of the immunotherapeutic agents across oncology. NBTXR3 is intended to be injected in the tumors. Spilling in the circulation may occur during product administration or, as expected, during tumor destruction, leading to steady trapping of NPs in the reticulo-endothelial system (liver and spleen). Clinically, it is unknown whether patients, previously treated with NPs, may show toxic signs when NPs are exposed (activation) to diagnosis imaging (computed tomography(CT)) of the liver.

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2011 – ECCO Abstract – NBTXR3 as promising cancer therapy – Magiorella et al.

We created and developed NBTXR3 nanoparticles with a crystalline hafnium oxide core which provide high electron density structure and inert behavior in biological media. NBTXR3 nanoparticles’ characteristics, size, charge and shape, allow for efficient interaction with biological entities, cell membrane binding and cellular uptake. The nanoparticles were shown to form clusters at the subcellular level in tumor models. Of most importance, we show NBTXR3 intratumor bioavailability with dispersion of nanoparticles in the three dimensions and persistence within the tumor structure, supporting the use of NBTXR3 as effective antitumor therapeutic agent.

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2011 – AACR Abstract – NBTXR3 radioenhancement and anti-tumor effect in vitro – Magiorella et al.

Local and systemic control of Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS) remains a clinical challenge. Radiation therapy is part of the standard of care of STS. The narrowness of its therapeutic window represents the main concern for different clinical settings. Thus, local delivery of radiation doses is critical to ensure optimal benefit-risk ratio. NBTXR3, biocompatible hafnium oxide nanoparticles were designed as therapeutics to be activated by ionizing radiation to achieve tumor control by enhancement of local energy deposition.

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2010 – ESTRO Abstract – hafnium Oxide nanoparticles as anti cancer agent – Deutsch et al.

Nanotechnology is the engineering of objects at the nanometer scale with novel properties. Nanotechnology is being applied to medicine leading to novel diagnostic or treatment applications. Nanoscale objects are about one hundred to ten thousand times smaller than human cells. They are similar in size to large biological molecules ("biomolecules") such as enzymes and receptors. As an example, hemoglobin, the molecule that carries oxygen in red blood cells, is approximately 5 nanometers in diameter. Nanoscale objects smaller than 100 nanometers can move out of blood vessels as they circulate through the body due to morphological features of the endothelium (fenestrae size). Those smaller than 7 nanometers can be cleared from the body by the kidney, as they circulate.

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