Radiation Therapy

2019 – RSNA – Treatment of locally advanced HNSCC by NBTXR3

Elderly head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HSNCC) patients (pts) ineligible for standard of care treatment require new therapeutic approaches. NBTXR3, hafnium oxide nanoparticles, may represent such an option. NBTXR3 is activated by radiotherapy, enhancing its effects, leading to physical destruction of cancer cells. A Phase I/II trial [NCT01946867] is underway to evaluate NBTXR3 in elderly (≥70 years) or frail pts with HNSCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx ineligible for cisplatin or intolerant to cetuximab. […]

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2019 – ASCO – Phase I NBTXR3 in elderly/frail HNSCC patients

New therapeutic approaches are needed for elderly or frail head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients (pts) ineligible for standard of care treatment. NBTXR3, a crystalline solution of hafnium oxide nanoparticles may represent such an option. Injected intratumorally, NBTXR3 enters tumor cells and yields an increased cell-localized energy deposit upon exposure to radiotherapy (RT), leading to increased tumor cell death compared to the same dose of RT alone. […]

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2019 – ESTRO – NBTXR3 activated by SBRT in liver cancers

Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver metastasis (mets) present with a wide range of underlying liver dysfunctions and concomitant malignancies. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is well-tolerated and a valuable alternative for patients who are not eligible for invasive procedures. Yet, like all radiation therapy (RT) techniques, the energy dose deposit to tumor cells is limited by the surrounding healthy tissues. […]

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2019 – The Lancet Oncology – Act.In.Sarc

Pathological complete response to preoperative treatment in adults with soft-tissue sarcoma can be achieved in only a few patients receiving radiotherapy. This phase 2–3 trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of the hafnium oxide (HfO2) nanoparticle NBTXR3 activated by radiotherapy versus radiotherapy alone as a pre-operative treatment in patients with locally advanced soft-tissue sarcoma. Act.In.Sarc is a phase 2–3 randomised, multicentre, international trial. Adults (aged ≥18 years) with locally advanced soft-tissue sarcoma of the extremity or trunk wall, of any histological grade, and requiring preoperative radiotherapy were included. […]

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