Nanoparticles

2020 – Int J Nanomedicine NBTXR3 Induces Abscopal Effect

Despite tremendous results achieved by immune checkpoint inhibitors, most patients are not responders, mainly because of the lack of a pre-existing anti-tumor immune response. Thus, solutions to efficiently prime this immune response are currently under intensive investigations. Radiotherapy elicits cancer cell death, generating an antitumor-specific T cell response, turning tumors in personalized in situ vaccines, with potentially systemic effects (abscopal effect). Nonetheless, clinical evidence of sustained anti-tumor immunity as abscopal effect are rare. […]

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2020 – SITC – NBTXR3 Generates Long Term Immune Memory

Although treatment of high-dose (HD) radiation (XRT) and NBTXR3 (R3) on primary tumors in combination with systemic anti-PD1 was able to significantly improve abscopal effect in 344SQR murine metastatic lung cancer, most of the mice eventually expired due to the growth of metastatic tumors. Therefore, we studied the effects of R3 injection into primary tumors plus high-dose radiation on primary tumor and low-dose raditionon metastatic tumor plus dual-agent immunotherapy (IT) of anti-PD1 and anti-CTLA-4 to achive complete control of tumor growth at both the primary and the metastatic tumors in mice. […]

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2020 – SITC – TCR Repertoire

For decades, radiotherapy (RT) has been a cornerstone of cancer treatment. Currently, approximately 50% of cancer patients will be treated with RT. Beyond the ability of RT to produce free radicals and to generate single and double-strand breaks in DNA, triggering cell death, preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated that RT can have immunomodulatory effects. For example, RT can stimulate MHC class I expression on cancer cells, induce immunogenic cell death (ICD), and activate expression of various pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules, allowing recruitment and activation of both innate and adaptive immune cells into the tumor. […]

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2020 – ESTRO – NBTXR3 for the Treatment of Advanced Liver Cancers

The use of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for the local control of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver metastases (mets) is well tolerated but limited by the need to preserve liver function. Increasing energy deposit within the tumor without increasing toxicity in healthy tissues remains a major challenge in radiation oncology. NBTXR3 (hafnium oxide nanoparticles), a first-in-class radioenhancer when activated by RT augments energy dose deposit within tumor cells, increasing tumor cell death compared to RT alone, while sparing healthy tissues. […]

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2020 – SITC – NBTXR3 with Anti-PD-1 Therapy

Cancer immunotherapies have shown promising clinical outcomes; however, the majority of patients are non-responders or will develop resistance during the course of treatment. One of the current challenges is to increase the response rate to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Combining immunotherapy with radiation therapy (RT) is emerging as a valuable strategy to prime the immune response. However, RT dose and ultimate efficacy are limited by toxicity related to exposure of healthy tissues. […]

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2020 – SITC – NBTXR3 From Bench to Bedside

Despite recent advances, resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), observed in over 80% of treated patients, is currently the main challenge immuno-oncology is facing. Intense efforts are being made to identify combination therapies that could improve ICI response rates. Administered intratumorally, NBTXR3 enhances the energy dose deposited by ionizing radiation within tumor cells, increasing the anti-tumor efficacy of radiation therapy (XRT) without adding toxicity to surrounding tissues. […]

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2020 – ESTRO – NBTXR3 for the Treatment of Locally Advanced HNSCC

Elderly and frail patients (pts) with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HSNCC) remain a challenging population to manage due to the lack of evidence-based recommendations. Despite representing approximately 20% of the HNSCC population no consensus exists on the optimal treatment for these pts with locally advanced (LA) disease, vulnerable to current standard of care treatment-induced toxicities. New approaches are thus needed to improve clinical outcomes without adding toxicity. NBTXR3 hafnium oxide nanoparticles injected intratumorally may represent such an option. […]

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2020 – ASTRO – NBTXR3 in HNSCC

Concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) with high dose cisplatin or cetuximab in case of contra-indication to cisplatin is the standard of care non-surgical approach for patients (pts) with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA HNSCC). Older age is a contra-indication to cisplatin and survival in older pts might not improve with cetuximab. The development of new treatment options for elderly pts with LA HNSCC is therefore urgently needed. […]

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2020 – ASTRO – NBTXR3 in Advanced Liver Cancers

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a well-tolerated and valuable alternative for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver metastases (mets) who are not eligible for standard treatment such as surgery, local ablation or chemoembolization. Yet, the energy dose delivered to the tumor is limited due to potential toxicity to healthy tissues and the need to preserve liver function. […]

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2020 – ASTRO – NBTXR3 in Combination with Anti-PD-1

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are being increasingly used to improve patient outcomes across different cancer types. However, the response rate to ICIs remains low (~15%), indicating the need for novel strategies to improve treatment outcome. Emerging evidence suggests that radiation therapy (RT) could potentially enhance the antitumor response and provide synergy with ICIs. RT dose and ultimate efficacy are however limited by toxicity related to exposure of healthy tissues. […]

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