In Vitro in Vivo NBTXR3

Publications in this section cover In Vitro and In Vivo data of NBTXR3. In Vitro means that NBTXR3 was studied in cells outside their normal biological context.

2021 – Radiation Therapy Enhanced by NBTXR3 Nanoparticles Overcomes Anti-PD1 Resistance and Evokes Abscopal Effects

Radiation combined with PD1 blockade offers significant treatment benefits in several tumor types; however, anti-PD1 resistance precludes such benefits in many cases. Here we attempted to overcome anti-PD1 resistance by combining localized radiation with a radioenhancing nanoparticle (NBTXR3) and systemic anti-PD1 treatment to achieve abscopal effects in an anti-PD1–resistant mouse model of lung cancer. […]

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2021 – NBTXR3 Radiotherapy-Activated Functionalized Hafnium Oxide Nanoparticles Show Efficient Antitumor Effects Across a Large Panel of Human Cancer Models

The side effects of radiotherapy induced on healthy tissue limit its use. To overcome this issue and fully exploit the potential of radiotherapy to treat cancers, the first-in-class radioenhancer NBTXR3 (functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles) has been designed to amplify the effects of radiotherapy. […]

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2020 – Review of Clinical Application of Radiation Enhancing Nanoparticles

The two main NP used in clinical trials were hafnium oxide and gadolinium involving a total of 229 patients. Hafnium oxide NP were used in three phase 1/2 trials on sarcoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma or liver cancer and one phase 2/3 trial. There are six ongoing phase 1/2 clinical trials to evaluate the combination of gadolinium-based NP and RT for the treatment of brain metastases and cervical cancer. […]

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2020 – Endobronchial ultrasound-guided injection of NBTXR3 radio-enhancing nanoparticles into mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes: a swine model to evaluate feasibility, injection technique, safety, nanoparticle retention and dispersion

Loco-regionally advanced lung cancer is typically treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, but overall survival and local control remain poor. Radio-enhancing nanoparticles such as NBTXR3 activated by radiotherapy results in increased cell death and potentially an anti-tumor immune response. The goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided injection of NBTXR3 into mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LN), as well as assess nanoparticle retention in the LN post-injection. […]

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2020 – Int J Nanomedicine NBTXR3 Induces Abscopal Effect

Despite tremendous results achieved by immune checkpoint inhibitors, most patients are not responders, mainly because of the lack of a pre-existing anti-tumor immune response. Thus, solutions to efficiently prime this immune response are currently under intensive investigations. Radiotherapy elicits cancer cell death, generating an antitumor-specific T cell response, turning tumors in personalized in situ vaccines, with potentially systemic effects (abscopal effect). Nonetheless, clinical evidence of sustained anti-tumor immunity as abscopal effect are rare. […]

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2019 – Radiother Oncol – NBTXR3 improves cGAS-STING activation

The cGAS-STING pathway can be activated by radiation induced DNA damage and because of its important role in anti-cancer immunity activation, methods to increase its activation in cancer cells could provide significant therapeutic benefits for patients. We explored the impact of hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3) activated by radiotherapy on cell death, DNA damage, and activation of the cGAS-STING pathway. […]

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2014 – NBTXR3 concept and dose enhancement – Marill et al.

Hafnium oxide, NBTXR3 nanoparticles were designed for high dose energy deposition within cancer cells when exposed to ionizing radiation. The purpose of this study was to assess the possibility of predicting the in vitro the biological effect of NBTXR3 nanoparticles when exposed to ionizing radiation. Cellular uptake of NBTXR3 nanoparticles was assessed in a panel of human cancer cell lines (radioresistant and radiosensitive) by transmission electron microscopy. The radioenhancement of NBTXR3 nanoparticles was measured by the clonogenic survival assay.

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2012 – Efficacy of NBTXR3 in vitro and in vivo – Maggiorella et al.

There is considerable interest in approaches that could improve the therapeutic window of radiotherapy. In this study, hafnium oxide nanoparticles were designed that concentrate in tumor cells to achieve intracellular highenergy dose deposit. Materials & methods: Conventional methods were used, implemented in different ways, to explore interactions of these high-atomicnumber nanoparticles and ionizing radiation with biological systems.

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2010 – Concept of NBTXR3 – Borghi et al.

La nanotechnologie permet une gestion et un assemblage de matériaux sans précédent dans l’histoire des produits utilisés en santé humaine. Cette révolution est apportée par la possibilité d’utiliser de nouveaux mécanismes thérapeutiques et de dissocier les différentes fonctions de la substance médicamenteuse (distribution, effet thérapeutique…), ce qui était jusqu’ici impossible avec les médicaments classiques.

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