NBTXR3 for the treatment of solid tumors

ASTRO, Chicago · 2019, A. P. Dicker et al.


A. P. Dicker1, C. Shen2, T. De Baere3, C. Hoffmann4, J. W. Welsh5, Y. Rolland6, B. Doger7, R. B. Den1, E. Trabulsi1, C. Lallas1, T. Y. Seiwert8, N. Fernando9, A. Iannessi10, F. Pilleul11, Z. Papai12, R. Tetreau13, P. Rutkowski14, and H. Brisse4

1 – Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
2 – University of North Carolina Hospitals, Chapel Hill, NC
3 – Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France
4 – Institut Curie, Paris, France
5 – MD Anderson Cancer Center, Division of Radiation Oncology, Houston, TX, 6Centre Eugène Marquis, Rennes, France
7 – START Madrid, Madrid, Spain
8 – Department of Medicine, Section of Hematology/Oncology, The University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, IL
9 – Northside Hospital, Atlanta, GA
10 – Centre Anticancer Antoine Lacassagne, Nice, France
11 – Unicancer – Leon Berard Cancer Center, Lyon, France
12 – Magyar Honvedseg Egeszsegugyi Kozpont, Budapest, Hungary
13 – Montpellier Cancer Institute, Montpellier, France
14 – Centrum Onkologii-Instytut im. Sklodowskiej-Curie w Warszawie, Warszawa, Poland


Purpose/Objective(s): Local interventional treatments of cancers include interventional radiology and radiotherapy (RT). NBTXR3, hafnium oxide nanoparticles, is deeply associated to both. Given as a single local administration it increases energy dose deposit inside tumor cells only when activated by ionizing radiation. Various interventional treatments have been used to treat cancers such as liver, lung, bone. Because entirely new therapies such as NBTXR3 are being introduced, implementation of interventional approaches is continuously growing.

Materials/Methods: NBTXR3 is being evaluated in soft tissue sarcoma (STS, extremity, trunk wall) [NCT02379845], head and neck (HN) [NCT01946867, NCT02901483], prostate [NCT02805894], liver [NCT02721056] and rectal cancers [NCT02465593]. NBTXR3 injected volume is a percentage of baseline tumor volume, and therefore heterogeneous. Image guidance allowed for accurate injection. Standard catheters, needles, and syringes were used for preparation and injection. Importantly, percutaneous needle positioning was done within the region to be irradiated to control potential seeding of cancer cells. NBTXR3 was then activated by IMRT (STS, HN), EBRT or combination brachytherapy/EBRT boost (prostate), SBRT (liver), IMRT or IMAT (rectum).

Results: Thus far, NBTXR3 has been administered to 171 patients by intratumoral/lesional, and intraprostate injections depending on indication. NBTXR3 injections have been demonstrated safe and very well tolerated. Local infection, ulceration or massive tumor necrosis were never observed. This has been confirmed by adequate application of treatment schedules, fitting planned irradiation onset 1 to 5 days post-injection. Importantly, grade 1 ecchymosis and hematoma at puncture site (needle entry) observed in few cases always resolved spontaneously and did not impact dosimetry. Indeed, change of tumor/lesion/prostate volume resolved when water (NBTXR3 vehicle) was drained via lymphatic system. So far, inflammatory response to injection procedure itself was mild. Concerning AEs, grade 3 pain was observed in conscious patients under local anesthesia with STS close to joints (limited extensibility), and in needle shift in injection within a subcapsular liver tumor.

Conclusion: Across 7 clinical trials involving tumors in extremity, trunk wall, liver, rectum, prostate and HN, NBTXR3 injection was well tolerated and demonstrated a very good safety profile. The savoir faire of interventional radiology for local treatment of cancers supported implementation of injection procedures with specific parameters according to anatomy. Intratumoral/lesional or intraprostate injection ensures optimum bioavailability at site of irradiation, protecting patients from systemic toxicity. Future clinical research will involve other anatomical sites such as lymph nodes and lung lesions [NCT03589339].

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies.En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. More information.En savoir plus.

The cookie settings on this website are set to “allow cookies” to give you the possibility to switch between languages in a way that this will not interfere with page navigation. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click “Accept” below then you are consenting to this.Par défaut, les paramètres de ce site autorisent les cookies pour vous permettre notamment de naviguer entre les différentes langues disponibles. Nous utilisons des cookies pour vous proposer un site internet facile d'utilisation, sécurisé et fonctionnel. Si vous les autorisez également, cliquez sur « Accepter » ou poursuivez simplement votre navigation.