NBTXR3 induces abscopal effect in mouse colorectal cancer model

Int J Nanomedicine, 2020, Zhang P. et al.


Ping Zhang, Audrey Darmon, Julie Marill, Naeemunnisa Mohamed Anesary, Sébastien Paris
Nanobiotix, 60 rue de wattignies, 75012 Paris, France


Purpose: Despite tremendous results achieved by immune checkpoint inhibitors, most patients are not responders, mainly because of the lack of a pre-existing anti-tumor immune response. Thus, solutions to efficiently prime this immune response are currently under intensive investigations. Radiotherapy elicits cancer cell death, generating an antitumor-specific T cell response, turning tumors in personalized in situ vaccines, with potentially systemic effects (abscopal effect). Nonetheless, clinical evidence of sustained anti-tumor immunity as abscopal effect are rare.

Methods: Hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3) have been designed to increase energy dose deposit within cancer cells. We examined the effect of radiotherapy-activated NBTXR3 on anti-tumor immune response activation and abscopal effect production using a mouse colorectal cancer model.

Results: We demonstrate that radiotherapy-activated NBTXR3 kill more cancer cells than radiotherapy alone, significantly increase immune cell infiltrates both in treated and in untreated distant tumors, generating an abscopal effect dependent on CD8+ lymphocyte T cells.

Conclusion: These data show that radiotherapy-activated NBTXR3 could increase local and distant tumor control through immune system priming. Our results may have important implications for immunotherapeutic agent combination with radiotherapy.

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