Radiotherapy

2020 – Int J Nanomedicine NBTXR3 Induces Abscopal Effect

Despite tremendous results achieved by immune checkpoint inhibitors, most patients are not responders, mainly because of the lack of a pre-existing anti-tumor immune response. Thus, solutions to efficiently prime this immune response are currently under intensive investigations. Radiotherapy elicits cancer cell death, generating an antitumor-specific T cell response, turning tumors in personalized in situ vaccines, with potentially systemic effects (abscopal effect). Nonetheless, clinical evidence of sustained anti-tumor immunity as abscopal effect are rare. […]

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2018 – ASCO – NBTXR3 generates an anti-tumor immune response

The enclosed abstract was presented at the 13th Journées cancéropole Grand Sud-Ouest at Poitiers. The abstract Hafnium oxide nanoparticles as an emergent promising treatment for solid tumors describes how hafnium oxide nanoparticles were designed at the nanoscale in the form of crystalline 50nm-particles to efficiently absorb ionizing radiation and increase the radiation dose deposited – “hot spots” of energy deposit – from within the tumor cells for efficient cell killing. […]

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2020 – ESTRO – NBTXR3 for the Treatment of Locally Advanced HNSCC

Elderly and frail patients (pts) with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HSNCC) remain a challenging population to manage due to the lack of evidence-based recommendations. Despite representing approximately 20% of the HNSCC population no consensus exists on the optimal treatment for these pts with locally advanced (LA) disease, vulnerable to current standard of care treatment-induced toxicities. New approaches are thus needed to improve clinical outcomes without adding toxicity. NBTXR3 hafnium oxide nanoparticles injected intratumorally may represent such an option. […]

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2020 – SITC – NBTXR3 From Bench to Bedside

Despite recent advances, resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), observed in over 80% of treated patients, is currently the main challenge immuno-oncology is facing. Intense efforts are being made to identify combination therapies that could improve ICI response rates. Administered intratumorally, NBTXR3 enhances the energy dose deposited by ionizing radiation within tumor cells, increasing the anti-tumor efficacy of radiation therapy (XRT) without adding toxicity to surrounding tissues. […]

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2020 – SITC – NBTXR3 Generates Long Term Immune Memory

Although treatment of high-dose (HD) radiation (XRT) and NBTXR3 (R3) on primary tumors in combination with systemic anti-PD1 was able to significantly improve abscopal effect in 344SQR murine metastatic lung cancer, most of the mice eventually expired due to the growth of metastatic tumors. Therefore, we studied the effects of R3 injection into primary tumors plus high-dose radiation on primary tumor and low-dose raditionon metastatic tumor plus dual-agent immunotherapy (IT) of anti-PD1 and anti-CTLA-4 to achive complete control of tumor growth at both the primary and the metastatic tumors in mice. […]

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2020 – ESMO – NBTXR3 in HCC and Liver Metastases

NBTXR3, functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles, administered by intratumoral injection (ITI) and activated by radiotherapy (RT), such as stereotactic body RT (SBRT), increases energy deposit inside tumor cells and subsequently tumor cell death compared to RT alone, while sparing healthy tissues. This innovative approach, which does not engage liver and renal functions, might benefit patients (pts) with unresectable liver cancers. […]

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2020 – ASTRO – NBTXR3 in Combination with Anti-PD-1

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are being increasingly used to improve patient outcomes across different cancer types. However, the response rate to ICIs remains low (~15%), indicating the need for novel strategies to improve treatment outcome. Emerging evidence suggests that radiation therapy (RT) could potentially enhance the antitumor response and provide synergy with ICIs. RT dose and ultimate efficacy are however limited by toxicity related to exposure of healthy tissues. […]

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2020 – ASTRO – NBTXR3 in Advanced Liver Cancers

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a well-tolerated and valuable alternative for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver metastases (mets) who are not eligible for standard treatment such as surgery, local ablation or chemoembolization. Yet, the energy dose delivered to the tumor is limited due to potential toxicity to healthy tissues and the need to preserve liver function. […]

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2020 – ASTRO – NBTXR3 in HNSCC

Concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) with high dose cisplatin or cetuximab in case of contra-indication to cisplatin is the standard of care non-surgical approach for patients (pts) with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA HNSCC). Older age is a contra-indication to cisplatin and survival in older pts might not improve with cetuximab. The development of new treatment options for elderly pts with LA HNSCC is therefore urgently needed. […]

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2020 – ASCO – NBTXR3 With Anti PD1 Therapy

Despite the past decade of transformative advances in immuno-oncology, the response rate to checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) remains low (~15%). There is significant interest in developing strategies to overcome resistance to these treatments, thus increasing response rate. Emerging evidence suggests that radiation therapy (RT) could potentially augment the antitumor response to ICIs through synergic effect. […]

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